An optimization approach for radiosurgery treatment planning
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We outline a new approach for radiosurgery treatment planning, based on solving a series of optimization problems. We consider a speci c treat- ment planning problem for a specialized device known as the Gamma Knife, that provides an advanced stereotactic approach to the treatment of tumors, vascular malformations, and pain disorders within the head. The sequence of optimization problems involves nonlinear and mixed inte- ger programs whose solution is required in a given planning time (typically less than 30 minutes). This paper outlines several modeling decisions that result in more e cient and robust solution. Furthermore, it outlines a new approach for determining starting points for the nonlinear programs, based on a skeletonization of the target volume. Treatment plans are generated for real patient data that show the e ciency of the approach.