Bureaucratic Red Tape and Organizational Performance: Testing the Moderating Role of Culture and Political Support
Pandey, Sanjay K.
Moynihan, Donald P.
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While targeting bureaucratic red tape is a component of most real-world efforts to improve the effectiveness of government agencies, academic work has not attempted to understand and develop the implications of red tape for agency performance. This paper builds upon developments in the performance management and red tape literatures to propose and test a model of performance that explicitly accounts for red tape. Our findings show that bureaucratic red tape in human resource systems and information systems impede performance. We also find that organizations with a developmental culture (characterized by flexibility, readiness, adaptability and growth) are better able to deal with negative effects of red tape than organizations that lack these cultural characteristics.