Now showing items 1-10 of 25
Conflations of Correlation with Causation in Researchers' Descriptions of Their Work
The objective of this research is to determine the frequency with which social scientists use unjustified causal language in academic descriptions of their work.
Getting Down to the Details in a Long-Term Mate : Traits That All People Prioritize...and Other Traits That Only Some People Prioritize
People around the world prioritize love, kindness, and faithfulness in a long-term mate (Buss, 2003). People also prioritize similarity, as evidenced by data showing that couples are similar to one another in physical, ...
They Obviously Didn’t Stand a Chance : Hindsight Bias in Judgments of a Dating Couple
Hindsight bias is commonly referred to as the “I knew it all along” effect. Individuals who are informed of a specific outcome prior to judging how the event will pan out perceive that outcome as more likely to occur than ...
Hovering Questions : Are Therapeutic Touch and Healing Touch Evidence-Based Practices?
Therapeutic Touch and Healing Touch are complementary energy based treatments. They are based on the premise that (1) illness is a result of “a disruption of the flow of energy surrounding a person’s being” and (2) ...
"It's Your Turn, Whether You Want to or Not" : Men's and Women's Household Task Distribution Preferences
To investigate gender differences in activity preferences in a sample without lifetime constraints, we asked young men and women to report their foreseen enjoyment of various household and childcare tasks. We predict that ...
Romantically Involved or Just Friends? : Accuracy and Consensus in Judgments of Male-Female Dyads
A unique challenge for opposite-sex friends is convincing others of the platonic nature of their relationship. One reason for this challenge may be that opposite-sex friendships are often not clearly platonic. Male-female ...
Do Researchers Practice What They Preach? Unjustified Causal Language in Psychological Scientists' Descriptions of Their Work
People are biased toward seeing associations between independent events and assuming causal explanations for those associations. Indeed, the lay public incorrectly infers cause-and-effect from descriptions of non-experimental ...
Mama's Baby, Papa's Maybe: Links Between Child-Father Resemblance and Child-Reported Paternal Investment
Because conception occurs internally to the human female, ancestral males did not have 100% certainty of their paternity. Evolutionary theorists have proposed that males are sensitive to an offspring’s resemblance to them ...
She's Just Not That Into You : Discrepant Levels of Attraction Between Opposite-Sex Friends
In this study we utilized natural sampling to acquire a set of male-female dyads, and asked male and female partners about their level of romantic attraction to one another. We predicted that (1) young men would report ...
Hindsight Knowledge and Relationship Break-Up: Should They Have Seen It Coming?
Research on Hindsight bias began in 1975, when Fischhoff published his seminal article describing the effects of hindsight bias on judgments of important evidence and perceived likelihood of possible outcomes. In this ...