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The Decomposition of Leaves in Streams : The Importance of Leaf Type and Macroinvertebrate “Shredders”
Leaf detritus is an important energy source for streams. After initial decomposition by microorganisms, macroinvertebrates known as “shredders” feed on leaves and break them into small fragments. These fine particulates ...
Is it Raining Plastic? Microplastics in Lakes of the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness : Tracing the Sources of Microplastics Pollution
Microplastics are plastic particles < 5 mm that are known to have detrimental effects on the natural environment. Microplastics have been extensively studied at locations of high human impact, but their abundance and ...
Microplastic Accumulation in Freshwater Crayfish of the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness
There has been growing global concern over microplastic pollution and accumulation and its impacts on ecological systems. Research has documented microplastic debris in marine, freshwater, and terrestrial habitats worldwide. ...
Microplastic Abundance in Freshwater Biofilms : Human-Impact Effects
Microplastics (MPs) are fragments of any type of plastic < 5 mm in size. Studies have looked at the environmental impact of MPs in marine and freshwater ecosystems, but no study has examined MPs within aquatic biofilms, ...
Lichen and Moss as Biomonitors of Microplastic Pollution in the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness
The Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness (BWCAW) is known for its pristine lakes and natural beauty, but like all natural areas accessible to humans, this highly visited and beloved wilderness is contaminated with ...
Microplastic pollution of Ulothrix Filamentous Algae in Western Lake Superior
Lake Superior and the St. Louis River Estuary (SLRE) are important ecological and economical resources for the Upper Midwest as waterways, fisheries, and recreation destinations—however, these essential waterbodies may be ...