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Characterization of 18th Century French Glass Trade Beads from Fort Mackinac, MI : Chemistry and Infrared Spectroscopy
Glass trade beads made in Europe were an important commodity in colonial North America. The style and composition of glass beads were unique to each manufacturing site and can be used today to trace trading relationships ...
Characterization of 18th Century French Glass from Saint-Nicolas-des-Biefs, Auvergne-Rhone-Alpes, France : Chemistry and Infrared Spectroscopy
Glass beads manufactured in Europe were brought to North America and used in trade with native American peoples. The style and composition of glass beads can be used to trace intercontinental connections between the 16th ...
Experimental Study of Hydroxyl Stretching in Aluminosilicate Glass Cooled from High Temperature at Variable Quench Rates
The physical properties of natural silicate magma are strongly influenced by the dissolution of water into the aluminosilicate melt framework. Of note is the presence of hydroxyl species (X-OH) that break apart the rigid ...