Now showing items 1-8 of 8
Conflations of Correlation with Causation in Researchers' Descriptions of Their Work
The objective of this research is to determine the frequency with which social scientists use unjustified causal language in academic descriptions of their work.
They Obviously Didn’t Stand a Chance : Hindsight Bias in Judgments of a Dating Couple
Hindsight bias is commonly referred to as the “I knew it all along” effect. Individuals who are informed of a specific outcome prior to judging how the event will pan out perceive that outcome as more likely to occur than ...
"It's Your Turn, Whether You Want to or Not" : Men's and Women's Household Task Distribution Preferences
To investigate gender differences in activity preferences in a sample without lifetime constraints, we asked young men and women to report their foreseen enjoyment of various household and childcare tasks. We predict that ...
Do Researchers Practice What They Preach? Unjustified Causal Language in Psychological Scientists' Descriptions of Their Work
People are biased toward seeing associations between independent events and assuming causal explanations for those associations. Indeed, the lay public incorrectly infers cause-and-effect from descriptions of non-experimental ...
Hindsight Knowledge and Relationship Break-Up: Should They Have Seen It Coming?
Research on Hindsight bias began in 1975, when Fischhoff published his seminal article describing the effects of hindsight bias on judgments of important evidence and perceived likelihood of possible outcomes. In this ...
Sharing the Load : Men's and Women's Attitudes Toward Household and Childcare Tasks
Studies suggest that the division of household labor and childcare, even in dual-earner households, is imbalanced. Women spend more time than men do on household and childcare tasks. Gender differences in childcare ...
I've Chosen Well, But Perhaps I Could Do Better : Maximizing Tendencies and Romantic Relationship Judgments
People make choices in nearly every domain of life, and individuals differ in their choice-making strategies: maximizers search extensively for the best possible option. Satisficers search just until they encounter an ...
Spin : Psychological Scientists Use Casual Language to Describe Non-Casual Data
Misrepresentation of data, or “spin,” comes in various forms and can be intentional or unintentional. One of the most prevalent forms of spin involves misleading interpretation – specifically, making causal claims that ...